Nunavut  became Canada's newest, largest and most northern territory on April 1, 1999 separating from the Northwest Territories. There are no paved roads in Nunavut and most long distance travel between the 28 communities is done by air or boat. Alert, at the very tip of Ellesmere Island is North America's northernmost community, however much of Nunavut’s land and ocean is covered with ice for most of the year. 85% of Nunavut’s  population is Inuit, many of which still hunt, trap and fish for survival. The mostly uninhabited land remains to be Canada’s true north; it also holds the shipwrecks of some of the early arctic explorers who were looking for the northwest passage.

 

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